The first thing to do while matching a shirt and a tie is to coordinate the colors. Choose a shirt, which has at least two colors. The dominant color in the shirt should be the accent color of the tie. Similarly, the dominant color of the tie should be the accent color of the shirt. For instance, if you have a brown shirt with subtle pink stripes, you can match it with a pink tie with brown accents. If your shirt is too colorful, make sure that you do not overpower the effects by matching it with an equally colorful tie. Also, take care not to match similar colors, such as a bright red with a pink.
Coordinating checks and stripes is rather easy and works very well to make a confident statement. The only rule you need to follow is ‘smaller on the shirt and larger on the tie’. Make sure that you keep the color coordination in mind while going for this combination. A white shirt with a blue/grey checked pattern will look amazing against a similar larger pattern on the tie. You can take the liberty of introducing another color in your tie, though you need to guard against going off-balance. In most of the combinations, you can mix stripes and checks together by sticking with the color rules.
This is the trickiest part when it comes to matching your shirt and tie. There are some set rules to observe in the case of patterns. Just as with the checks and stripes, you need to keep the larger patterns on the tie and away from the shirt. In case the patterns are too close to one another in size, it can make the combination look awkward. There is a slight exception to the set rules though, i.e. patterns of the same size are pretty okay as long as they are in different shapes. For instance, a Gingham shirt with a polka dot tie can look sharp. However, limiting the number of colors to two can work safely for you.
As opposed to a solid colored shirt, texture has to be treated as a subtle pattern. Therefore, the rules for patterns are to be followed here as well. Usually, the patterns become much stronger, when ignored and matched with an inappropriate shirt. Textured shirts can prove to be easy to start with when you are learning to coordinate your shirts with ties. This is because you can take risks with a solid-colored textured shirt.